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Electric Bike Laws

On 3rd November 2014, The Department Of Transport have released a documentation detailing the list of changes entitled "Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles (EAPC) Deregulation"


This changes the rule from the ones that were established the first time around in 1983:

The current requirements for an e-bike to be classified as an EAPC are:

- The continuous rated power of the motor must not exceed 200 watts for standard bicycles and 250 watts for tandems and tricycles.

- The electrical assistance must cut off when the vehicle reaches 15mph.

- The unladen weight must not exceed 40kg for standard bicycles and 60kg for tandems and tricycles


However these rules are set to change in the near future so that the UK Rules are complying with the EU Regulations.


The draft amendments to this law and subject to consultation would change the above to:

- The maximum motor power for standard bicycles is increased to 250 watts. (Maximum rated power will be defined by current European standards.)

- The electric assistance cut off speed is amended to 15.5 mph (to more accurately align with Europe's 25 km/h).

- All the weight limits are removed.

- Vehicles with more than 3 wheels are permitted.


However there are some changes that are not being noted clearly that you need to be aware of:

- Throttles for electric bikes are perfectly fine here in the UK but not all across the EU, you need to make sure what countries allow them and don't allow them because if you use them in a country where they are banned you could be prosecuted.

-The official standard for ebikes is now in force across Europe and will eventually be mandatory in the UK too. Ebikes complying with EN15194 are deemed to be safe and fit for purpose. All ebikes that have passed the EN15195 testing will be issued with a certificate of compliance from the testing house.


All of our bikes are made using components that are in the regulation of EN15194 however we do not have the certificate since are bikes are continuously changing we would have to buy a certificate each time which would cost us 8000 per bike. Also since throttles do not conform to EN19154 so any bike with a throttle will not pass the test.


This being aside our bikes without throttles do conform to EN15194 (without certification) so if they went for the test they would pass with flying colours!!


Basically we are saying that if you are going abroad then you need to confirm with either us or the authorities over there that your bike will not be against the laws over there. We can not be held responsible for any law infringements you or your bike may occur in your time abroad, if you have no plans to travel abroad you will be fine here in the UK.


We are trying our best to help you to not incur any fines or charges against yourselves so please help others and notify them about these rule changes

-Bikes with throttles need to be checked to see whether they are against the law in specific countries.

-EN15194 is a law in the EU that needs bikes to have a certificate for passing the test, our bikes have not been through these tests but the bikes without throttles would pass the inspection but costs to much to be viable.

If there are any queries feel free to read all the notes here


AMENDMENT TO THE LAWS FOR 2016


In 2015 there was an amendment to the "Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles (EAPC) which stated that electric assisted bikes that are limited to 25km/h (15.5mph) while equipped with a motor that does not exceed 250 watts are exempt from motor vehicle legislation and do not need what is known as "Type Approval"


This means any e-bike that complies with these rules are usable without the need for tax, registration and insurance and still be fully road legal.

what you should know is UK Laws and EU Laws on electric bikes have always been slightly different meaning it can cause slight confusion so for starters here are the UK Laws and EU Laws as they stand now:

UK Laws 2015
  • Can be fitted with a full speed throttle
  • Can only be ridden by someone age 14 or over
  • Can not be fitted with a motor that exceeds 200W in Power
  • Must not exceed a weight of 40Kg (60Kg in the case or a tricycle or tandem)
  • Have a maximum assisted speed of up to 15mp/h (24km/h)
EU Laws 2015

  • Can not be fitted with a motor with a power that exceeds 250W in power
  • Have a maximum assisted speed of up to 15.5mph (25km/h)
  • Can not be fitted with a full speed throttle that can work independently (no pedal movement). Start up assist throttles (those that assist up to 6 km/h or 3.7mph) are allowed.
  • Can be ridden without any minimum age limit).

If you look at these set of laws to be honest there doesn't seem to be much difference right?

The problem is even a minor change can make for quite drastic change.

To sum everything up neat and tidy for you guys. Our laws are being changed to the EU Laws so....

UK Laws 2016

  • Can not be fitted with a motor with a power that exceeds 250W in power
  • Have a maximum assisted speed of up to 15.5mph (25km/h)
  • Can not be fitted with a full speed throttle that can work independently (no pedal movement). Start up assist throttles (those that assist up to 6 km/h or 3.7mph) are allowed.
  • Can only be ridden by people aged 14 and over, the age limit on E-Bikes in UK will still have this age restriction for safety precautions

As of January 1st 2016 it has been deemed that any electric bike bought from there on, that can be powered solely using a "twist and go" throttle will have to go through type approval. If the Twist and Go throttle does not exceed 15.5mph it will not be treated as a motor vehicle according to the law and will not require to to wear a helmet, registration, insurance and even tax.

This being said the new law will not affect any electric bicycles that have been bought before January 1st 2016 due to whats known as acquired rights (grandfather rights) this means that new rule cannot be applied to something made before the due date of the rule being applied.

The rule about "Twist and Go" throttles does not apply to walk assist throttles (ones limited to 6km/h) therefore this update to the law will not affect those types of throttles.